How Did They Get Those Test Results?

12 Jul

Reflections: Then and Now

Submitted by Frank Murphy: July 12, 2011

In the school world, July and August are historically slow paced and uneventful months.  During these summer days, taking a break from the regular routines of the work year is the typical thing to do.  This time also offers a good opportunity to catch up on work that has been put off for too long.

After a busy school year of posting book installments and topical themes, I have been looking forward to slowing the pace at  My intention is to spend most of my writing time this summer off-line.  While doing so, I plan to keep the blog active by reposting some of my favorite pieces from the past year. These will be ones I think are worth saying at least one more time.

I choose today’s selection after reading this post on the Notebook.  It relates the results of a 2009 Pennsylvania Department of Education report, which identified dozens of Pennsylvania schools having questionable test score results on the state’s annual assessment test.  Twenty-two schools managed by the Philadelphia School District and seven charter schools located in Philadelphia were included on this list.   One of the schools identified is the same school I had talked about in an early September installment of Confessions of an Urban Principal.  Back then in 2004, I wondered how this school managed to obtain amazing increases in the number of students who scored at the proficient and advanced levels on the PSSA test.  Now it appears the Pennsylvania Department of Education is also wondering how this school achieved these results in 2009.

I have reposted my original installment about this school below.

Confessions of an Urban Principal

By Frank Murphy

Installment (3 of 8)/The Bell Ringing

Yesterday was the first day of school. School District CEO Paul Vallas, Mayor John Street, School Reform Commission Chairman James Nevels and other dignitaries participated in an opening day ceremony at a nearby elementary school in North Philadelphia.  This school was chosen as the site for the official “bell ringing” ceremony because of the significant increase in the percentage of its students scoring at the advanced and proficient levels of on the Pennsylvania System of State Assessment (PSSA). In a Philadelphia Daily News article, Mayor Street was quoted as saying, “The schools, students, parents, teachers and staff are proving that with the right attitude and resources, Philadelphia’s schools will excel.”

According to the Daily News, the latest round of state standardized test scores showed that the number of students at this North Philadelphia school scoring at the advanced or proficient level increased in reading from 13.1 % to 70.7 %.  In math, the numbers rose from 18.7 % to 46.7 %.

The officials at the ceremony were quite proud of this accomplishment.  They pointed out that although the school is in a very poor community, this achievement demonstrates how the dedication of teachers and the effectiveness of school district reforms are making a difference.  Only two years ago, the test scores were so low in this school that it was one of the sixty schools targeted for dramatic reform in the district. It was designated as a “restructured school” and began to receive extra support.

I take careful note of the success of this school, whose demographics are so similar to my own.   I want to celebrate their success but I am somewhat skeptical of the validity of their achievement.  Increasing the percentage of students at the advanced or proficient level in reading by over fifty-seven points in one year is nothing short of a miracle.

Perhaps these percentages were a misprint, I thought.  I went to the Pennsylvania Department of Education’s website to check the numbers.  What was reported in the newspaper was the same as the information provided by the Department of Education.

The author of Daily News report didn’t reference any of the actions taken at this school in order to achieve these spectacular results.  I was interested in knowing what they had done differently than the teachers in my school.  It seems that this poor, urban, historically low-achieving school has discovered a reform strategy that we should try to replicate.

If I were the CEO of our district, I surely would want to know how such an accomplishment was made in such a short time.  I would want all of my schools to know how to create such growth in student achievement. This is the kind of success the state was looking for when it took control of our district.  What is the secret?   I wonder why isn’t it being shared with the principals of all of the schools who aren’t making this kind of dramatic test score improvement.



  1. Andy Meyers

    September 9, 2011 at 5:54 pm

    Being very open minded about the whole education system….nationwide…I just wanted permission to share this on my blog site. I think people should be reminded how important it is to monitor how we prepare our children for the future.
    Great article, great site.

  2. Stevie

    October 1, 2011 at 4:38 pm

    It’s impetraive that more people make this exact point.